By 2050, the world’s population will hit 10 billion. Ensuring that there is enough food to feed everyone will be a rising challenge.
One solution to this problem is indoor farming.
Indoor farming takes food production to a new modernized level. Plants are grown using artificial lights and nutrient-fortified soil. These indoor systems offer space, power, and water savings.
Consumer demand for locally grown foods continues to increase. This means the need to grow more using less has become an important farming goal.
In fact, there’s an indoor farm that is 100 times more productive than a traditional farm.
As indoor farm numbers increase, expect techniques and trends to change.
Keep reading to learn about the top 3 indoor farming trends of 2017.
1. Vertical Farming
Usually growing crops requires acres upon acres of land. Vertical farming seeks to reduce the amount of space needed to grow produce.
This type of farming uses layers of vertically stacked plants. Growing up instead of across offers several benefits, including:
- Higher yields
- Quicker harvests
- Year round growth (no seasonality worries)
- Less time
- Less land
- No use of pesticides
Vertical farming also allows produce to be grown anywhere. Think a building in a booming city can’t be used for growing produce? Think again!
Farming requires plenty of manual labor and a lot of time. To speed up the process, automated systems have been introduced. Automation can be used for:
- Planting seeds
- Greenhouse maintenance
As this trend continues to intensify, the technology behind it will become less expensive. In turn, more growers will use automation for indoor farming.
Microgreens are a fad that is here to stay. A microgreen is a leafy green that is harvested early, typically around 2 weeks.
Leafy green vegetables are already known for being nutrient dense. These vegetables offer high levels of:
Shockingly, microgreens pack an even bigger nutrient punch. In fact, young leaves are said to have up to 6 times more nutrients than mature leaves.
Microgreens are the ideal crop for an indoor farm. They require less space, making them suitable for small spaces. These vegetables also require less growing time, which means more crops can be harvested more frequently.
4. New Crops
Most indoor farms grow kale, lettuce, herbs, and other easy-to-grow crops. But, a growing number of farmers are in the market for higher margin niches.
More companies are looking to grow crops that are seasonal. Strawberries in winter? It may soon be a reality!
Another crop trend is the availability of custom crops. Biolumic has discovered that UV light can alter the taste of crops. This is the ideal product for chefs looking to provide unique dishes.
Indoor Farming 101
Are you an urban professional looking to learn more about indoor farming? Need tips for starting a farm in your own home? Want to learn how to eat locally sourced food without spending a fortune?
If so, Indoor Farming is the website for you. We provide all the information you want to know, including tips and future trends.
Check out our blog to get started!